TPG - Cooperation between UN and regional/subregional organizations: SG to include in regular reporting assessments of progress on the cooperation Open between the UN and relevant regional organizations

# 31/12/2016 à 20:18 Izza Echiguer

Committee : Security Council
Topic : Cooperation between UN and regional/subregional organizations: SG to include in regular reporting assessments of progress on the cooperation Open between the UN and relevant regional organizations
Country : People’s Republic of China

In the early 1990s, the United Nations began to pay more attention to the need to involve regional organisations in order to ensure worldwide peace and security. This willing to pursue these two essential pillars for a more unified world was highlighted in a number of reports published at the time. Back in January 1992, during the first Security Council meeting at the level of heads of state or government , the Secretary General was asked to recommend way to strenghten and also make the United Nations more efficient for preventive diplomacy, peace making and also peacekeeping. In response to that, Boutros Boutros-Ghali (Egypt) issued his report An Agenda for Peace in June 1992. He emphasized the role that regional organisations might play in preventive diplomacy, early warning systems for crisis prevention, peacekeeping and also post-conflict peacebuilding ; the « regional-global security partnership » concept was born.
Entering the 21st century, UN peace operations have stepped into a new phase. Operational capabilities are waiting to be improved and coordination between the United Nations and the international community enhanced. These advances are however not only expected by United Nations and the international, but they are necessary for the maitenance of a safer and more peaceful world. The UN Charter sets the Security Council as the principal organ charged with the maintenance of international peace and security while forseeing a role for « regional arrangements ». Chapter VIII of the Charter emboldens regional organisations to contribute towards the establishment of peace and security. Furthermore, Article 54 provides that the Security Council should “at all times be kept fully informed of activities undertaken or in contemplation” by regional organisations for the maintenance of international peace and security. During the 7505th meeting, speakers, at an all-day debate in the Security Council, pointed out that violent extremism, massive population movements, cyber attacks, transnational crimes and other evolving threats to global security required strengthened cooperation between the United Nations and regional organizations. Moreover , since 1992, 3 important SG’s reports, where the relationship with regional organizations is featured, laid down the strategic vision of the organization. Firstly there is Boutros Boutros-Ghali’s (Egypt) report, An Agenda for Peace. On January 25th of 1995, Boutros-Ghali issued the Supplement to an Agenda for Peace, that outlined modes of cooperation between the UN and regional organizations, including consultation, diplomatic and operational support, co-deployment and also joint operations. Then, on March 21st of 2005, a report called In Larger Freedom : towards development, security and human right for all is published by Kofi Annan (Ghana), which discussed the “establishment of an interlocking system of peacekeeping capacities” to allow the UN to work with regional organisations in predictable and reliable partnerships.
People’s Republic of China strongly believes that the United Nations are the core of the international mechanism with the Security Council, who’s first priority and also responsibility is the maintain of peace and security around the world. China thinks that the UN should encourage regional organizations to resolve conflicts and promote peace and security, based on the United Nations Charter, while respecting of course national sovereignty and territorial integrity. China believes that each regional organization should learn from themselves and while pursuing self-development, countries should also work towards ensuring the interests of others. Since 2006, the UN Security Council and the African Union ( biggest regional organization ) Peace and Security Council hold consultative meetings on an annual basis to coordinate actions of the two councils in Africa. China attaches great importance to regional and subregional organizations that prevents and tries to stop conflicts and stays ready to expand cooperation for a more safer and peaceful world.

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