Rethink ecosystems to mitigate natural disasters caused by climate change?

# 01/03/2017 à 21:19 Alperen ALTINTAS

Within the scope of its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) towards achieving the ultimate objective of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change which is set out in its Article 2 and clarifying information, Turkey has determined to put into practice several plans such as National Strategy on Climate Change and National Climate Change Action Plan having been adopted in 2010 and 2011 respectively.
To be able to prevent the possible natural disasters caused by climate change and maintain the current balance of ecosystem, Turkey is eager to put into practice its INDC through a national climate change policy which includes;
- 10th National Development Plan
- National Strategy on Climate Change
- National Climate Change Action Plan
- National Strategy on Industry
- Strategy on Energy Efficiency
- National Strategy and Action Plan on Recycling
- National Legislation on Monitoring, Reporting and Verification of GHG emissions
- National Smart Transportation Systems Strategy Document (2014-2023) and its Action Plan (2014-2016)
The following issues or titles specified below are the signs of how much progress the Republic of Turkey has made recently;

1. Regarding the energy efficiency and ensure green environment, Turkey has paid a great care to build more wind turbines to the slopes of mountains located mainly in Marmara and Aegean region where these regions are acknowledged as the most suitable territories in view of producing clean energy. Today’s wind power capacity of Turkey is about 3 GW and Turkish goverment has a target of increasing Turkey’s wind capacity 20 times by 2020.
2. The second way of minimising the impact of the greenhouse gases is to continue to make investments in the field of solar energy. Energy and Natural Resources Minister Berat Albayrak has announced that the tender for the 1,000 megawatt-photovoltaic solar power plant, which will be established in Konya's Karapınar district, will be held in December. The solar power plant will pave the way for a new period in Turkey's use of renewable energy resources. The solar power plant, which will be constructed on a nearly 2,000-hectare area, will produce 1.7 billion kilowatt hours of electricity, which is enough to be used in 600,000 houses.
3. Furthermore, ensuring balanced utilization of transport modes in freight and passenger transport by reducing the share of road transport and increasing the share of maritime and rail transport. On the other hand, approximately 10 billion US Dollars investment was allocated to railway infrastructure between the years 2002 and 2010. Currently, TCDD has 11,052 km conventional line and 888 km high speed line which finally equals 11,940 km lines in total. 93 percent of these mainlines are single-track; 3161 km of total lines are electrified and 3908 km of them are signaled. Electrified and signaled lines in overall lines are 26 percent and 33 percent respectively. Share of railways in freight transportation throughout Turkey is 5.3 percent and its share in passenger transportation is 1.6 percent.
Finally, the all issues emphazied deeply have been developed to save the current ecosystem and to minimize the impacts of natural disasters by the Republic of Turkey.

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